Talmon, Stefan Kollektive Nichtanerkennung illegaler Staaten. Grundlagen und Rechtsfolgen einer international koordinierten Sanktion, dargestellt am Beispiel der Türkischen Republik Nord-Zypern
2006. XXXIX, 1052 pages. JusPubl 154
Kollektive Nichtanerkennung illegaler Staaten
Grundlagen und Rechtsfolgen einer international koordinierten Sanktion, dargestellt am Beispiel der Türkischen Republik Nord-Zypern
[Collective Non-Recognition of Illegal States. Legal Foundations and Consequences of an Internationally Coordinated Sanction With Particular Reference to the Non-Recognition of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.]
Published in German.The question of the legal effect of the recognition of new entities that call themselves 'states' has been characterized for over a century by the intense debate between the constitutive and the declaratory schools of thought. An examination of the American, British and German state practice in the case of the internationally non-recognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus however shows that none of the two theories can satisfactorily explain the non-recognition as a state of an entity that meets all the international legal criteria for statehood but that has been created in violation of a fundamental norm of international law. Non-recognition of an existing state can neither have status-preventing nor status-confirming effect, it can only have status-denying, i.e. negatory, effect. Collective non-recognition has been employed by the international community since the 1930s as a sanction against serious breaches of fundamental norms of international law affecting the international community as a whole. Initially coordinated by the League of Nations it is now administered by the United Nations. Non-recognition as a state means that other states do not just withhold all optional or discretionary relations and the resulting rights and privileges from an 'illegal state' but that they deny it all the rights, powers and privileges inherent in statehood.